Diagnosing a herniated disc
A back specialist usually starts the diagnostic procedure with a physical examination to check your back for tenderness. He may also perform a neurological exam. Sometimes the doctor may order imaging tests in case he suspects another problem or wants to confirm the nerves that are affected. These imaging tests are:
- Computerized tomography (CT scan)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Treatment options for a herniated disc
These are one of the most common treatment methods used by doctors and include:
Prescription medications– Doctors usually prescribe these medications when the over the counter medications fail to provide any relief to patients. These include narcotics like codeine or oxycodone-acetaminophen.
Cortisone injections – These injections suppress inflammation are usually injected in the affected area directly.
Physical Therapy – Can include- heat and ice therapy, electrical stimulation, bracing, ultrasound and traction
This treatment option is considered rarely and is only taken up when conservative treatment fail to provide any relief to the patient. The most common surgery for herniated disc is discectomy where the protruding portion of the disc is removed.
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